Paris Agreement 2015 Cop

The Paris Agreement of 2015: What You Need to Know

The Paris Agreement of 2015 was a milestone in the global fight against climate change. It was signed by 195 countries at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of Parties (COP21) in Paris, France, and came into effect on November 4, 2016. The agreement has since been hailed as a landmark achievement in the battle to mitigate and adapt to climate change.

The primary objective of the Paris Agreement is to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels. This is considered to be the threshold beyond which catastrophic climate change impacts are likely to occur. The agreement also aims to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing the greater vulnerability of some countries to the impacts of climate change.

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding agreement under international law. It requires all countries to submit nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that outline their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. These NDCs are submitted every five years, with the first set submitted in 2020.

The Paris Agreement also establishes a framework for financial support to help developing countries transition to low-carbon economies and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Developed countries are required to provide financial resources to assist developing countries in their efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change.

The Paris Agreement has been recognized as a significant achievement in the global fight against climate change, but it is not without its challenges. One of the biggest challenges is ensuring that countries deliver on their commitments outlined in their NDCs. There is also a need for greater ambition in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, given that current NDCs are not sufficient to limit global warming to well below 2°C.

The Paris Agreement has faced significant setbacks in recent years, with the United States withdrawing from the agreement under the Trump Administration. However, President Biden has announced that the United States will rejoin the agreement, signaling renewed commitment to global climate action.

In conclusion, the Paris Agreement of 2015 is a crucial milestone in the global fight against climate change. The agreement aims to limit global warming to well below 2°C and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C, while also providing a framework for financial support to developing countries. Its success will depend on the commitments of countries and the ambition of their actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

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